Hi AKIL insiders,
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In the previous email we talked about how do we know what development data people want or are interested in? Can we respond to development data and information? AKIL will work on this through Offline Data Demand Research at the local level of the village in Indonesia.
SO, we conducted an Offline and Online Data Demand Research and Survey at the village level in Indonesia. While we are still compiling the results, we wanted to share some outcomes or ideas – chose one with the AKIL insiders. We will release the full package report and content as soon as it’s ready to go.
Preliminary Findings from Offline Data Pilot & Nano-Survey in Indonesia
At its core, open data is fueled by information. Given that most open data activities take place online, questions emerge about the value of development information in offline settings where a significant amount of development activities are implemented. In an Indonesian context with an especially active community of internet users and infrastructure and plans in place to extend internet access across the country, better understanding of the demand for, use of, and communication channel preferences for information at the local level and online are especially important. Specifically, does the financial information that government and development organizations disclose and share resonate in communities across the digital divide?
- Community SessionA pilot was designed to take information down to the Kecematan (village) level for sharing and engagement. Desa Ban, Karangasem, Bali was selected given the offline criteria, the presence of a variety of local development projects and information (PNPM), and an existing network of contacts at the village level.
The community in Desa Ban was brought together through existing groups, such as a women’s group called the PKK and a youth group. Each group was presented financial information (budget, fund allocation, funding breakdown by direct assistance and community self-help) about local projects (description, location, beneficiary breakdowns) for discussion and feedback. Many of the participants indicated that they had not seen the information presented before. Additionally, the youth were invited to participate in a “community-generated” poster exercise with the objective of selecting a project and information to share with the rest of their community. The following day a poster that was generated was field-tested at a local market. Content was shared by its creators and discussion about projects (status of projects, money allocated) was initiated. It marked a remarkable transition from being passive recipients of information to active communicators of information in less than 24 hours.
During this time, a paper survey was also administered to market vendors and community members to assess communication preferences for information. Results are being collated and will be shared at a future date (n ~ 50). Additionally, a multi-media package and documentary video of the pilot is forthcoming.
A nano-survey picks up faulty URLs entered web users in their browser. When this web traffic is detected, a brief survey is extended. This allows for the collection of information from a random sample (of internet users), the ability to offer country-specific surveys, and collection of information at a sub-national level in real-time.Simultaneously with the offline activities taking place in Karangasem – where is that?, a nano-survey asking basic questions about access, capacity, and use of financial information provided by governments and international organizations was being run in Bahasa in Indonesia. Over 2,000 completed survey responses were generated in Indonesia in just 48 hours, which reflects a remarkable 12% response rate. In part this can be attributed to the large population of Indonesia, relative high levels of internet penetration, and the novelty of the collection mechanism and translation into local language.
For the moment, we have processed high level aggregate level analysis but plan to release disaggregated responses in open format. Early findings include:
- 56% of respondents want financial information from government and international organizations. n=3160
- 31% of respondents have used financial information from government and international organizations. n= 2394
- The source of information used: Internet 45%; TV 20%; SMS 8%; Print Materials 7%; Newspaper 6%; Community Meetings 5%; Government Office 5%; Radio 2%; SignBoard 2% n=595 (those who have used info)
- The preferred source of information: Internet 44%; 16% TV, SMS 7%; Newspaper 6%; Print Materials 5%; Community Meetings 3%; Government Office 2%; SignBoard 1%; Radio 1%; Not Interested 14%. n=1710
- Know how to get additional information: 40% yes. n=1710
- Aware of “Open Data”: 42% yes. n=1418
- 39% of respondents (internet users) between the ages of 18-24; 22%: 25-34; 19%: 14-17. n=4384
- 73% of respondents (internet users) male. 27% female. n=4384
We will be releasing the full package report later so if you think this is too cool to wait any longer for more info, please drop us an email. Don’t forget, do signup to our updates if you haven’t done so.
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